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The Cult of Information, by Theodore Roszak

The Cult of Information


The Folklore of Computers and the True Art of Thinking


By Theodore Roszak


 
 


A thoughtful and balanced examination of the exaggerated claims made for computers and artificial intelligence.

Available as: Hardback

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Print Hardback 28.75
ISBN: 9780718826741
Specifications: 234x154mm, 256pp
Publication: July 1986

About this Book

When the word 'computer' entered the general vocabulary in the 1950s, the most advanced example filled a reasonable sized room. Three decades of rapid technological revolution have resulted in the acceptance of computers in nearly every office, school and home. A corresponding dramatic rise in the status of 'information' has promoted the people who manipulate it from the status of office clerks to information scientists.

Despite the wonderful claims for the abilities of the computer and the hallowed tones of 'computerese', Theodore Roszak dares to suggest that perhaps, like the unfortunate emperor, the computer has been overdressed with false claims made by those with something to gain by it elements in our society that are making some of the most morally questionable uses of computer power. Roszak challenges the reader to ask:

"Is our capacity to think creatively being undermined by the very 'information' that is supposed to help us? Is information processing being confused with science or even beginning to replace thought? And are we in danger of blurring the distinction between what machines do when they process information and what minds do when they think?"

He explains why humankind's primary beliefs, in equality, justice and in God are not computable; why great scientific theories and fundamental 'master ideas' cannot be developed by computers; and why bad ideas cannot even be refuted by them.

Roszak is no contemporary Luddite this book was written on a word processor but he is deeply concerned that we have all been sold a misleading and potentially harmful vision of the computerised society.

Contents

Introduction

1. "Information, Please"
     Information Old-Style
     Enter UNIVAC
     Cybernetics and the Secret of Life
     Messages without Meanings
     The Biocomputer

2. The Data Merchants
     High Tech and the Conservative Opportunists
     Sunbelt Politics and the Welfare State
     Megahype
     Hackers and Hucksters
     Silicon and Natural Selection
     Technophilia

3. The Hidden Curriculum
     The Chimera of Computer Literacy
     A Solution in Search of Problems
     The Computerized Campus
     Power and Dependency
     A Private Universe

4. The Program Within the Program
     The Case of Logo
5. Of Ideas and Data
     Ideas Come First
     The Master Ideas
     Experience, Memory, Insight
     The Empiricist Gambit
     No Ideas, No Information

6. Computers and Pure Reason
     The Light in Plato's Cave
     The Old Mathematical Magic
     The Seduction of Software
     An Alien Intelligence
     The Flight from Reality
     The Fifth Generation ... and Beyond

7. The Computer and the Counterculture
     Big Blue and the Guerilla Hackers
     An Electronic Populism
     The Heroic Age of the Microcomputer
     Reversionaries and Technophiles
     Domes, Data, and Dope
     Decline and Fall

8. The Politics of Information
     Nothing But the Facts
     Data Glut
     Issues Before Information
     On-line Communities: The Promise of Networking
     The Public Library: The Missing Link of the Information Age

9. In the Wrong Hands
     The Foundations of Information Technology
     The Surveillance Machine
     The Polling Machine
     The War Machine
     
Machine Gouverner
     At the Limits of Sanity: The Psychotic Machine

10. Descartes's Angel
     Reflections on the True Art of Thinking

Notes
Index

About the Author

Theodore Roszak was educated at UCLA and took his PhD at Princeton. Since then he has taught at Stanford, San Francisco State University and California State University, Hayward. He has twice been nominated for America's National Book Award.

Reviews and Comments

"This thoughtful, sensitive and sane book heralds a coming new evaluation of the role of science and technology in the affairs of the human species. The quiet of Theodore Roszak's words, the humanity of his tone, stand in stark contrast to the loud, self-serving cacophony of the simplistic outpourings of the neo-positivists, as represented by the artificial intelligentsia."
Joseph Weizenbaum, Professor of Computer Science, MIT

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