Philip of Spain and the Netherlands: An Essay on Moral Judgments in History

By C.J. Cadoux

A study of ethical judgements of history, taking as its case study the sixteenth-century conflict between Spain and the Netherlands.

ISBN: 9780718896768


In Philip of Spain and the Netherlands, C.J. Cadoux discusses the expression of moral judgements regarding leading figures in major historical events. Indeed, Cadoux, using the case of the Dutch Revolt, questions whether it is possible at all to assess moral quality without adequate knowledge of the relevant facts, at least.

First published in 1947, Cadoux’s approach is one of presenting history, both national and personal, in a non-judgemental manner. This holistic approach allows for a clear and concise depiction of events and persons that is not skewed by an overbearing opinion. He posits that in the great struggle between Spain and the Netherlands in the sixteenth century, a new ethic of Christian mercy is discernible. Cadoux concludes his book by asking the reader ‘in whose behaviour there can be seen some promise of better and humaner things?’, reinforcing the inherent difficulty that remains when passing moral judgement.

Additional information

Dimensions 234 × 156 mm
Pages 270

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Trade Information LPOD

About the Author

Cecil John Cadoux (1883-1947) was Mackennal Professor of Church History and vice-principal of Mansfield College, Oxford. He wrote numerous books on Christian pacifism, New Testament criticism and Exegesis, including The Historic Mission of Jesus (James Clarke & Co., republished 2022).



1. Moral Judgments in History
2. Catholic Revaluations in History
3.The Character of the Inquisition
4. The Spanish Monarchy and the Netherlands
5. The Duke of Alva in the Netherlands
6. The Personal Character of Philip II
7. The Popes of the Period
8. The Character of Resistance to Philip in the Netherlands
9. The Personal Character of William of Orange
10. Conclusion

Chronological Table